Galilee was the northern part of the country while Jerusalem was located in the southern kingdom Judea. The Pharisees and their followers who lived in Judea plotted to kill the Lord.
2 Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.
3 And his brethren said to him: Pass from hence, and go into Judea; that thy disciples also may see thy works which thou dost.
His relative then challenged Jesus, "Leave here, go to Judea, so that your followers can see your works ...".
4 For there is no man that doth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou do these things, manifest thyself to the world.
"... Because you want to be known, you cannot do anything in secret. If you truly do what you claim to do ( the will of God the Father ), then manifest yourself to the world."
5 For neither did his brethren believe in him.
His relatives made this remark to the Lord because they did not believe in Him.
6 Then Jesus said to them: My time is not yet come; but your time is always ready.
The Jesus said to them, "My time is not yet come" meaning it was not the time for Him to go to Judea openly again because He knew He would offer His Life when He did so. But their time to face God was always ready. Our time also is always ready. Are we?
7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth: because I give testimony of it, that the works thereof are evil.
The world does not hate whoever belong to it, but the Lord and all His true followers the world will hate not only because they do not belong to the world but also because they testify against the world and all its evil conducts.
8 Go you up to this festival day, but I go not up to this festival day: because my time is not accomplished.
"My time is not accomplished" means the time was not yet for the Lord to be cruxcified and died.
9 When he had said these things, he himself stayed in Galilee.
10 But after his brethren were gone up, then he also went up to the feast, not openly, but, as it were, in secret.
11 The Jews therefore sought him on the festival day, and said: Where is he?
The Jews here means the ruling class or the Pharisees who looked for Jesus on the feast day.
12 And there was much murmuring among the multitude concerning him. For some said: He is a good man. And others said: No, but he seduceth the people.
There was discreet debate among the common people about Jesus. Some said He was a good man, some said He seduced people. But nobody said that He was God or a Divine Being. What do you say?
13 Yet no man spoke openly of him, for fear of the Jews.
But nobody spoke openly about Jesus because he was afraid of the ruling Jews. Are you today also afraid of the ruling class in speaking up about what you believe, about your God? Then why are you so timid and quiet in avoiding talking about God and about what His Church stand for? You are the one who run away hiding from the Hill when you are seeing being cruxcified.
14 Now about the midst of the feast, Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.
However He showed in public anyway on the feast day, right in the middle of the holy Temple in Jerusalem and taught them about God!
15 And the Jews wondered, saying: How doth this man know letters, having never learned?
And the Pharisees wondered, saying," How does this man know Scripture as he has never learnt from us?" God does not need to learn from anyone as He is the Source of Knowledge and Truth. Do not let anyone make you into believing that Jesus had to travel to, let's say, India to learn about God as He is God. He is the Alpha and Omega, the Source of Life and Truth. He is the Creator of all things.
16 Jesus answered them, and said: My doctrine is not mine, but his
that sent me.
What He taught us was what God the Father commanded Him to teach.
17 If any man do the will of him; he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself.
If anyone desires to do God's Will, he will know that the Lord Jesus's Gospel is the Divine Truth. If anyone is hungry for the truth will find the Gospel is truly the Words of God.
18 He that speaketh of himself, seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh the glory of him that sent him, he is true, and there is no injustice in him.
He who serves the Lord only seeks the Glory for God alone. That person will do all things for God alone. In whatever he does, he is unbiased and justified, there will be no injustice and condemnation in his works.
19 Did Moses not give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law?
As the Jews of Old did not live according to the spirit of Mosaic laws, God's Commandments, the Christian of mordern world also do not live their lives according to the Gospel of Christ. Instead of worshipping the Lord your God only, they have worshipped themselves and the objects made by their hands.
20 Why seek you to kill me? The multitude answered, and said: Thou hast a devil; who seeketh to kill thee?
The Lord asked the Jews, "Why do you want to kill Me?". They turned around accused Him to be a devil as teeling evryone their true motive. Is is so true today that anyone who speaks of the Truth will be accused of being an evil person, such as hate-crime, intolerant, judgmental, self-righteous, etc.
21 Jesus answered, and said to them: One work I have done; and you all wonder:
22 Therefore, Moses gave you circumcision (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and on the sabbath day you circumcise a man.
23 If a man receive circumcision on the sabbath day, that the law of Moses may not be broken; are you angry at me because I have healed the whole man on the sabbath day?
The Jews allowed circumcision on the sabbath day, but not the healing of a sick man.
24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge just judgment.
Just as a work or labor done on the sabbath day can be completely acceptable depending on the motive, do not judge the action alone but judge the true intention of that act whether it is just or unjust, good or evil, God-serving or self-serving, charitable or selfish act.
25 Some therefore of Jerusalem said: Is not this he whom they seek to kill?
Some seeing the ruling class quarrel with the Lord, they wondered why they did not arrest or kill Him.
26 And behold, he speaketh openly, and they say nothing to him. Have the rulers known for a truth, that this is the Christ?
27 But we know this man, whence he is: but when the Christ cometh, no man knoweth whence he is.
28 Jesus therefore cried out in the temple, teaching, and saying: You both know me, and you know whence I am: and I am not come of myself; but he that sent me, is true, whom you know not.
29 I know him, because I am from him, and he hath sent me.
30 They sought therefore to apprehend him: and no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come.
31 But of the people many believed in him, and said: When the Christ cometh, shall he do more miracles, than these which this man doth?
32 The Pharisees heard the people murmuring these things concerning him: and the rulers and Pharisees sent ministers to apprehend him.
33 Jesus therefore said to them: Yet a little while I am with you: and then I go to him that sent me.
34 You shall seek me, and shall not find me: and where I am, thither you cannot come.
35 The Jews therefore said among themselves: Whither will he go, that we shall not find him? will he go unto the dispersed among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles?
36 What is this saying that he hath said: You shall seek me, and shall not find me; and where I am, you cannot come?
37 And on the last, and great day of the festivity, Jesus stood and cried, saying: If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.
38 He that believeth in me, as the scripture saith, Out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.
39 Now this he said of the Spirit which they should receive, who believed in him: for as yet the Spirit was not given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
40 Of that multitude therefore, when they had heard these words of his, some said: This is the prophet indeed.
41 Others said: This is the Christ. But some said: Doth the Christ come out of Galilee?
42 Doth not the scripture say: That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem the town where David was?
43 So there arose a dissension among the people because of him.
44 And some of them would have apprehended him: but no man laid hands on him.
45 The ministers therefore came to the chief priests and the Pharisees. And they said to them: Why have you not brought him?
46 The ministers answered: Never did man speak like this man.
47 The Pharisees therefore answered them: Are you also seduced?
48 Hath any one of the rulers believed in him, or of the Pharisees?
49 But this multitude, that knoweth not the law, are accursed.
50 Nicodemus said to them, (he that came to him by night, who was one of them:)
51 Doth our law judge any man, unless it first hear him, and know what he doth?
52 They answered, and said to him: Art thou also a Galilean? Search the scriptures, and see, that out of Galilee a prophet riseth not.
53 And every man returned to his own house.