The Gospel of Saint John
Chapter 2
1 And the third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: and the mother of Jesus was there.

(On the first day of His public life, the Lord was baptized. On the second day, he chose his first disciples. And on the third, Jesus attended a wedding banquet with His Mother and disciples. The phrase " the mother of Jesus" indicated Blessed Virgin Mary had only one child, Jesus Christ. For example, the mother of St. James and John, the two apostles, was referred to as "the mother of Zebedee's sons.)

2 And Jesus also was invited, and his disciples, to the marriage.

3 And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus saith to him: They have no wine.

4 And Jesus saith to her: Woman, what is that to me and to thee? my hour is not yet come.

(In the Gospel, our Lord called His Mother as "Woman" twice, at Cana wedding and on the Cross. Anytime He addressed her as "Woman", He spoke to her not as her son but as her God as what she asked of Him was a miracle, an Act of God. He meant that He came to do only His Father's Will and His hour of Passion or public ministry was not yet come.)

5 His mother saith to the waiters: Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye.

(We can see here Our Lady was very persistent as she did not give up her request. And as an obedient Son, the Lord yielded to her request. He never refused His Mother anything. That is one of many reasons, Catholics should pray for her intercession.)

6 Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three measures apiece.

(According to the Jewish custom, these six waterpots were used for washing hand and feet. The Lord often used the unworthy objects for His Glory. Here He turned unclean water into fine wine.)

7 Jesus saith to them: Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.

8 And Jesus saith to them: Draw out now, and carry to the chief steward of the feast. And they carried it.

9 And when the chief steward had tasted the water made wine, and knew not whence it was, but the waiters knew who had drawn the water; the chief steward calleth the bridegroom,

(The waiters knew of the first miracle, the identity of Christ was revealed, one step closer to His ultimate Sacrifice.)

10 And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now.

11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee; and manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him.

(The Lord used miracles to manifest Himself as the Son of God and as an effective tool for His public ministry. This is the first miracle.)

12 After this he went down to Capharnaum, he and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they remained there not many days.

(The term "His brethren" means His cousins or kinsmen, not brothers or sisters. Through out the Holy Scripture, this term was used over over again with this exact meaning.)

13 And the pasch of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

14 And he found in the temple them that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting.

(Do we now also often make the House of the Lord (churches), the holy places into a common place? Do we do courting, socializing, talking, laughing, dancing in parish churches. Do we dress properly and were reverent when we step our foot on the holy ground?)

15 And when he had made, as it were, a scourge of little cords, he drove them all out of the temple, the sheep also and the oxen, and the money of the changers he poured out, and the tables he overthrew.

16 And to them that sold doves he said: Take these things hence, and make not the house of my Father a house of traffic.

17 And his disciples remembered, that it was written: The zeal of thy house hath eaten me up.

(We should have the same mentality toward the house of the Lord or our church, "the zeal of thy house has eaten me up, O Lord!")

18 The Jews, therefore, answered, and said to him: What sign dost thou shew unto us, seeing thou dost these things?

(The Jews asked Him, who gave you this authority to policing us? to stop our buying and selling?)

19 Jesus answered, and said to them: Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.

( Destroy His Body and He would rise up on the third day, The Lord spoke of His Resurrection, the Last Miracle He performed on earth, the Last Act of His public ministry.)

20 The Jews then said: Six and forty years was this temple in building; and wilt thou raise it up in three days?

21 But he spoke of the temple of his body.

22 When therefore he was risen again from the dead, his disciples remembered, that he had said this, and they believed the scripture, and the word that Jesus had said.

(Again they believed because what the Lord prophesied and because of His Miracle.)

23 Now when he was at Jerusalem, at the pasch, upon the festival day, many believed in his name, seeing his signs which he did.

Many believed in His Name because of His signs or miracles.)

24 But Jesus did not trust himself unto them, for that he knew all men,

(But Jesus also knew how shallow and fragile their faith in Him was.)

25 And because he needed not that any should give testimony of man: for he knew what was in man.

(And He did not need any man to give Him a testimony for He knew how unworthy man was.)

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